Chinese Bulletin of Botany ›› 2021, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (3): 245-261.DOI: 10.11983/CBB20209

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Comparative Genomics of the Small Heat Shock Protein Family in Angiosperms

Kai Fan, Fangting Ye, Zhijun Mao, Xinfeng Pan, Zhaowei Li, Wenxiong Lin*()   

  1. Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Genetics, Breeding and Multiple Utilization of Crops, College of Agriculture, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002
  • Received:2020-12-25 Accepted:2021-03-25 Online:2021-05-01 Published:2021-04-30
  • Contact: Wenxiong Lin

Abstract: Small heat shock protein (sHSP) can respond to environmental stresses and regulate plant growth and development. In this study, 33 NcsHSPs, 24 OssHSPs, 17 AtsHSPs and 47 VvsHSPs were found in waterlily, rice, Arabidopsis, and grape, respectively. The sHSP family can be divided into 12 subfamilies, and different subfamily had different number of sHSP members, conserved motifs, gene structures and number of duplicated genes. Then, 12 gene duplication events in tle sHSP fanily were identified from 4 model angiosperms of sHSP family. The segmental and tandem duplication events were related to the gene expansion in the sHSP family, and the segmental duplication events occurred earlier than the tandem duplication events. Moreover, sHSP members in Arabidopsis and grape had the highest orthologous similarity, followed by sHSP members in waterlily and grape. Furthermore, sHSP family in angiosperms evolved towards sHSP members with smaller length of amino acid, lower molecular weight, simpler gene structure, and concentrated chromosomal localization. Besides, some sHSP members may be related to plant growth and development in waterlily, rice, Arabidopsis, and grape. Above all, these results could lay vital foundations on comparative genomics of the sHSP family in four model angiosperms and advance the sHSP family in other angiosperms.

Key words: sHSP family, comparative genomics, expansion, gene expression