植物学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (1): 110-125.DOI: 10.11983/CBB17011

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我国6种主要木本油料作物的研究进展

尹丹丹1,2, 李珊珊1, 吴倩1,2, 冯成庸1,2, 李冰1,3, 王倩玉1,2, 王亮生1,2,*(), 徐文忠1,*()   

  1. 1中国科学院北方资源植物重点实验室/中国科学院植物研究所北京植物园, 北京 100093
    2中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
    3湖南农业大学生物科学技术学院, 长沙 410128
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-18 接受日期:2017-06-06 出版日期:2018-01-01 发布日期:2018-08-10
  • 通讯作者: 王亮生,徐文忠
  • 基金资助:
    北京市农业科技项目(No.Z161100000916015)

Advances in Research of Six Woody Oil Crops in China

Dandan Yin1,2, Shanshan Li1, Qian Wu1,2, Chengyong Feng1,2, Bing Li1,3, Qianyu Wang1,2, Liangsheng Wang1,2,*(), Wenzhong Xu1,*()   

  1. 1Key Laboratory of Plant Resources and Beijing Botanical Garden, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
    2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3College of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China
  • Received:2017-01-18 Accepted:2017-06-06 Online:2018-01-01 Published:2018-08-10
  • Contact: Liangsheng Wang, Wenzhong Xu

摘要:

选择我国3种传统木本油料作物油茶(Camellia oleifera)、核桃(Juglans regia)和文冠果(Xanthoceras sorbifolium)以及3种新兴木本油料作物油用牡丹(Paeonia suffruticosa)、星油藤(Plukenetia volubilis)和元宝枫(Acer truncatum), 从种质资源概况、脂肪酸组成、活性成分以及油脂合成代谢的分子生物学等方面进行了详细综述。文章旨在引导国内生产者因地制宜地种植木本油料作物, 从而发挥木本植物油的优势, 补充草本油料供给不足。同时, 在资源保护的前提下, 增加我国植物油供给量, 丰富人们的营养来源和提高健康水平。该文还分析了我国木本油料作物利用中存在的问题, 为进一步开发利用木本油料作物指明了研究方向。

关键词: 活性成分, α-亚麻酸;, 脂肪酸, 脂肪酸脱氢酶, 分子生物学, 木本油料作物

Abstract:

Here we characterize three traditional woody oil crops, Camellia oleifera, Juglans regia, and Xanthoceras sorbifolium, and three emerging woody oil crops, Paeonia suffruticosa, Plukenetia volubilis, and Acer truncatum. We review the germplasm resources, fatty acid composition, active compounds and molecular biology of lipid synthesis and metabolism of these crops in detail. The description can help in planting the resources according to local conditions, exerting the advantage of special woody oils, and supplying the deficiency of the herb oil crops. It could increase the quantity of vegetable oil and improve nutrition awareness and health level by a return to nature and the protection of resources. Finally, we analyze the problems in use of the woody oil crops and suggest directions for further exploration.

Key words: active compounds, α-linolenic acid;, fatty acid, fatty acid desaturase, molecular biology, woody oil crop