Chinese Bulletin of Botany ›› 2014, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (2): 173-182.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1259.2014.00173

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Quantification of Leaf Anatomical Structure and Its Application in a C4 Plant, Sorghum

Yue Gong1,2, Haimiao Chen3, Chuangdao Jiang1*, Lei Shi1   

  1. 1Key Laboratory of Plant Resources, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China

    2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

    3School of Mathematical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2013-03-01 Revised:2013-05-31 Online:2014-01-07 Published:2014-03-01
  • Contact: Chuangdao Jiang;

Abstract: Measurement of the total leaf length, thickness of the anatomical characters in thin sections and the correction factor F is one of the important quantitative methods in examining leaf structure. However, little attention has been paid to the effects of cell size and thickness of thin sections on accuracy of the method, which can result in errors because of few numbers of thin sections. To solve this problem, we examined the causes of the error produced by this method and defined the relationship between accuracy and number of thin sections in this study. In addition, we defined the contact area bet- ween bundle sheath cells and mesophyll cells to estimate the leaf anatomy of sorghum, a C4 species.

[3]Dengler NG,Mackay LB .The leaf anatomy of beech,fagus grandifolia[J].Can. J. Bot,1975,53:2202-2211
[4]Evans JR,von Caemmerer S,Setchell BA,Hudson GS .The Relationship between CO2 transfer conductance and leaf anatomy in transgenic tobacco with a reduced content of rubisco. [J].Aust. J. Plant Physiol.,1994,( 21):475-495
[5]Hanba YT, Kogami H,Terashima I .The effect of growth irradiance on leaf anatomy and photosynthesis in Acer species differing in light demand. [J].Plant Cell Environ,2002,25:1021-1030
[6]Hanba YT,Miyazawa SI,Terashima I .The influence of leaf thickness on the CO2 transfer conductance and leaf stable carbon isotope ratio for some evergreen tree species in Japanese warm-temperate forests. [J].Func. Ecol.,1999,13:632-639.
[7]Jiang CD, Wang X,Gao HY,Shi L,Chow WS .Systemic regulation of leaf anatomical structure,photosynthetic performance,and high-light tolerance in sorghum. [J].Plant Physiol,(2011). ,155:1416-1424
[8]Kogami H,YT Hanba,Kibe T,Terashima I,Masuzawa T .CO2 transfer conductance,leaf structure and carbon isotope composition of Polygonum cuspidatum leaves from low and high altitudes. [J].Plant Cell Environ.,2004, 24:529-538
[9]Miyazawa SI,Terashima I .Slow development of leaf photosynthesis in an evergreen broad-leaved tree,Castanopsis sieboldii: relationships between leaf anatomical characteristics and photosynthetic rate. [J].Plant Cell Environ.,2001, 24 :279-291
[10]Murchie EH,Horton P .Acclimation of photosynthesis to irradiance and spectral quality in British plant species: chlorophyll content,photosynthetic capacity and habitat preference. [J].Plant Cell Environ.,1997,20:438-448
[11]Nobel SN, Zaragoza LJ,Smith WK .Relation between mesophyll surface area,photosynthetic rate,and illumination level during development for leaves of Plectranthus parvi?orus Henckel. [J].Plant Physiol,1975,55:1067-
[12]Oguchi R,Hikosaka K,Hirose T .Does the photosynthetic light-acclimation need change in leaf anatomy? [J].Plant Cell Environ.,2003,26:505-512
[13]Oguchi R,Hikosaka K,Hirose T.Leaf anatomy as a constraint for photosynthetic acclimation: differential responses in leaf anatomy to increasing growth irradiance among three deciduous trees. [J].Plant Cell Environ.,2005,28:916-927
[14]Oguchi R,Hikosaka K,Hirose T .Costs and benefits of photosynthetic light acclimation by tree seedlings in response to gap formation. [J].Oecologia,2008,155:665-675
[15]Marchi S,Tognetti R,Minnocci A,Borghi M,Sebastiani L .Variation in mesophyll anatomy and photosynthetic capacity during leaf development in a deciduous mesophyte fruit tree (Prunus persica) and an evergreen sclerophyllous Mediterranean shrub (Olea europaea). [J].Trees,2008,22:559-571
[16]Soares AS, Driscoll SP,Pellny TK,Olmos E,Arraba?a MC,Foyer C.Variations in the dorso-ventral organization of leaf structure and kranz anatomy coordinate the control of photosynthesis and associated signaling at the whole leaf level in monocotyledonous species.[J].Plant Cell Environ,2009,32:1833-1844
[17]Syvertsen JP,Lloyd J,McConchie C,Kriedemann PE,Farquhar GD .On the relationship between leaf anatomy and CO2 diffusion through the mesophyll of hypostomatous leaves. [J].Plant Cell Environ.,1995,18:143-155
[18]Terashima I,Hanba TY,Tholen D,Niinemets ü.Leaf functional anatomy in relation to photosynthesis. [J].Plant Physiol.,2011,155:108-166
[19]Terashima I,Miyazawa SI,Hanba YT .Why are sun leaves thicker than shade leaves? - consideration based on analyses of CO2 diffusion in the leaf. [J].J. Plant Res.,2001,114:93-105
[20]Thain JF.Curvature correlation factors in the measurement of cell surface areas in plant ts. [J].J. Exp. Biol.,1983,34:87-94
[21]Tosens T,Niinemets ü,Vislap V,Eichelmann H,Castro Díez P.Developmental changes in mesophyll diffusion conductance and photosynthetic capacity under different light and water availabilities in Populus tremula: how structure constrains function. [J].Plant Cell Environ.,2012,35:839-856
No related articles found!
Full text



[1] Liu De-li. Heat-Shock Proteins of Plants and their Functions[J]. Chinese Bulletin of Botany, 1996, 13(01): 14 -19 .
[2] Chengqiang Ding, Dan Ma, Shaohua Wang, Yanfeng Ding. Optimization Process and Method of 2-D Electrophoresis for Rice Proteomics[J]. Chinese Bulletin of Botany, 2011, 46(1): 67 -73 .
[3] SONG Ke-Min. Phosphorus Nutrition of Plants: Phosphate Transport Systems and their Regulation[J]. Chinese Bulletin of Botany, 1999, 16(03): 251 -256 .
[4] YANG Hong-QiangJIE Yu-lingLI Jun. The Stresses Messenger from Roots and Its Production and Transport in Plant[J]. Chinese Bulletin of Botany, 2002, 19(01): 56 -62 .
[5] Hui Li, Guangcan Zhang, Huicheng Xie, Jingwei Xu, Chuanrong Li, Juwen Sun. The Effect of Phenol Concentration on Photosynthetic Physiological Parameters of Salix babylonica[J]. Chinese Bulletin of Botany, 2016, 51(1): 31 -39 .
[6] . [J]. Chinese Bulletin of Botany, 1996, 13(专辑): 97 -98 .
[8] Wang Renqing. Comparative Study on the Vegetation Between Shandong and Liaodong Peninsulas[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1984, 8(1): 41 -51 .
[9] Song Yongchang. The 2nd Symposium on Ecology of Europe and the 10th Annual Meeting on Ecology of Germany, FED, REP.[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1981, 5(2): 151 -166 .
[10] ZHOU Cai-Ping, OUYANG Hua. Temperature and Moisture Effects on Soil Nitrogen Mineralization in Deciduous Broad-Leaved Forest[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2001, 25(2): 204 -209 .