植物学报 ›› 2007, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (03): 275-283.

所属专题: 生殖生物学专辑

• 特邀综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

植物开花的组蛋白甲基化调控分子机理

夏志强 何奕昆 鲍时来 种康   

  1. 1 首都师范大学生命科学学院, 北京 100037; 2 中国科学院植物研究所光合作用与环境分子生理学重点实验室, 北京 100093; 3 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所分子发育生物学重点实验室, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2006-11-10 修回日期:2007-01-15 出版日期:2007-05-01 发布日期:2007-05-01
  • 通讯作者: 种康

Molecular mechanism of plant flowering regulated by histone methylation

Zhiqiang Xia, Yikun He, Shilai Bao, Kang Chong   

  1. 1 College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100037, China;2 The Key Laboratory of Photosynthesis and Environmental Molecular Physiology, Institute of Botany,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China;
  • Received:2006-11-10 Revised:2007-01-15 Online:2007-05-01 Published:2007-05-01
  • Contact: Kang Chong

摘要: 开花是指植物从营养生长转变到生殖生长的生理过程, 是植物个体发育和后代繁衍的中心环节, 既受遗传基础决定,同时又受到温度和光周期等多种环境因素的调控。在拟南芥中, 已经分离了大量的与开花相关的基因, 从遗传学上已初步形成了一个开花调控的网络。组蛋白甲基化是植物发育过程的重要调节方式, 近年来关于其参与开花调控的研究有了重要进展。本文综述了具有代表性的组蛋白H3赖氨酸甲基化修饰参与调控植物开花发育的机制, 提出该研究领域的发展方向和前景。

Abstract: Flowering represents a major physiological developmental transition from vegetative to reproductive development in the plant life cycle. It is the central cue in plant development and is determined by the control of both intrinsic genetics and environmental factors such as low temperature and photoperiod. Many genes related to flowering have been isolated in Arabidopsis, and a genetic network of the flowering process has been mapped. Histone methylation plays an important role in the regulation of plant development. Great progress has been achieved with histone modification in regulating flowering. This paper reviews the epigenetic research into histone lysine methylation in plant flowering. We also review new directions and expectations in this research field.