Chin Bull Bot ›› 2019, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (2): 237-244.doi: 10.11983/CBB18093

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• TECHNIQUE AND METHOD • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Analysis of Temperature and Light Factors during Frost Events and Establishing Conditions for Simulated Frost

Sun Lulong1,2,Duan Qiuyan3,Zhai Heng1,*(),Du Yuanpeng1,*()   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, College of Horticultural Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an 271018, China
    2 College of Agriculture, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China
    3 Dezhou Municipal Gardening Administration Bureau, Dezhou 253000, China
  • Received:2018-04-10 Accepted:2018-06-20 Online:2019-09-01 Published:2019-03-01
  • Contact: Zhai Heng,Du Yuanpeng E-mail:zhaih@sdau.edu.cn;duyuanpeng001@163.com

Abstract:

Frost has had a prominent influence on the fruit industry in China in recent years. We need to establish a system to simulate frost treatment for fruit trees. Based on observations of frost events in field, we analyzed the characteristics of frost in terms of cooling rate, the low temperature limit, warming rate, and light conditions after frost treatment and established a system to simulate frost treatment in the laboratory. Temperature during the frost treatment in field could be divided into three stages: cooling, extreme temperature maintenance and warming. The temperature during cooling and warming stages changed in an approximately linear manner. Frost is generally followed by high intensity light. The simulated frost process was determined as followed: the temperature drops from room temperature (20°C) to 5°C in 30 min, and is maintained at 5°C for 30 min, then decreases to -2°C at a rate of 0.8°C·h -1, is maintained at -2°C for 2 h, then increases to 5°C at a rate of 4.7°C·h -1 in the dark. The recovery condition after frost was 16°C and 800 μmol·m -2·s -1.

Key words: frost, temperature, light, simulation

Figure 1

Volatility of temperature during 4 frost events under field conditions(A) 2015-04-06-07; (B) 2015-04-07-08; (C) 2015-04-09-10; (D) 2016-03-13-14. The temperature of air was recorded from the maximum temperature before frost events to the maximum temperature after frost events, the interval between each recording point was set to 0.5 h. The time of 0 in x-axis: 12:17 (A), 13:47 (B), 13:47 (C), 14:55 (D)"

Figure 2

Analysis of regression between temperature and time for the cooling stage of frost in field(A) 2015-04-06-07; (B) 2015-04-07-08; (C) 2015-04-09-10; (D) 2016-03-13-14"

Figure 3

Analysis of regression between temperature and time for the recovery stage of frost in field (A) 2015-04-07; (B) 2015-04-08; (C) 2015-04-10; (D) 2016-03-14"

Figure 4

Temperature and light intensity in recovery period after the frost treatment(A) 2015-04-07 0:00-23:55; (B) 2015-04-08 0:00-23:55; (C) 2015-04-10 0:00-23:55; (D) 2016-03-14 0:00-23:55"

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