植物学报

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乙烯对植物次生代谢产物合成的双重调控效应

方荣俊1,2†, 赵华1,3†, 廖永辉1, 汤程贻1, 吴凤瑶1, 朱煜1, 庞延军1, 陆桂华1, 王小明1, 杨荣武1*, 戚金亮1,4*, 杨永华1*   

  1. 1南京大学生命科学学院, 植物分子生物学研究所, 医药生物技术国家重点实验室, 南京 210093;
    2江苏科技大学, 镇江 212003
    3南通大学, 南通 226019;
    4南京大学淮安高新技术研究院, 淮安 223005
  • 收稿日期:2013-09-29 修回日期:2014-01-14 出版日期:2014-09-01 发布日期:2014-07-02
  • 通讯作者: 杨荣武,戚金亮,杨永华 E-mail:YangYH@nju.edu.cn; QiJL@nju.edu.cn; robertyang@nju.edu.cn

Dual Regulating Effects of Ethylene on the Formation of Plant Secondary Metabolites

Rongjun Fang1,2†, Hua Zhao1,3†, Yonghui Liao1, Chengyi Tang1, Fengyao Wu1, Yu Zhu1, Yanjun Pang1, Guihua Lu1, Xiaoming Wang1, Rongwu Yang1*, Jinliang Qi1,4*, Yonghua Yang1*   

  1. 1State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Institute of Plant Molecular Biology, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;

    2Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang 212003, China;

    3Nantong University, Nantong 226019, China; 4Huaian High-Tech Research Institute of Nanjing University, Huaian 223005, China
  • Received:2013-09-29 Revised:2014-01-14 Online:2014-09-01 Published:2014-07-02
  • Contact: Rongwu Yang, Jinliang Qi, Yonghua Yang E-mail:YangYH@nju.edu.cn; QiJL@nju.edu.cn; robertyang@nju.edu.cn

摘要: 植物次生代谢产物是人类重要的药物及化工原料来源, 其产生与植物正常的生长发育及对环境的适应密切相关, 并受到多种因素的调控。乙烯作为一种植物内源激素, 广泛参与植物的生长、发育、抗逆和次生代谢产物合成等重要生理过程的调控。该文综述了乙烯的信号转导机制及其调控作用; 重点归纳了乙烯对植物次生代谢产物形成所表现出的双重调控效应, 即在一定浓度范围内, 乙烯对植物次生代谢产物的合成起促进作用, 低于或超过该浓度范围则起抑制作用; 并对今后该领域的研究方向进行了展望。

Abstract: Plant secondary metabolites are important natural sources for drugs and chemical raw materials. The formation of these metabolites is closely related to the normal growth and adaptation to environments by plants and could be regulated by a variety of factors. As an endogenous hormone in plants, ethylene plays important roles in regulating most plant physiological processes such as growth, development, stress resistance and secondary metabolite biosynthesis. Here, we review the signal transduction mechanism and regulatory effects of ethylene, especially its dual regulatory effects, on the formation of plant secondary metabolites, namely, how ethylene promotes the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites within a range of concentration in plants but has an inhibitory effect on the formation of secondary metabolites outside of a certain threshold of concentration. We give prospects for further research in this field.

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