Chinese Bulletin of Botany ›› 2022, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (4): 532-548.DOI: 10.11983/CBB22027

• SPECIAL TOPICS • Previous Articles    

Research Progresses on Epigenetic Regulation of Plant Branching/Tillering

Liu Ting, Wang Tianhao, Chun Yan, Li Xueyong(), Zhao Jinfeng()   

  1. National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resource and Genetic Improvement/Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2022-02-10 Revised:2022-05-11 Online:2022-07-01 Published:2022-07-14
  • Contact: Li Xueyong,Zhao Jinfeng

Abstract: Tillers are one type of branches unique to graminaceous plants. Branch/tiller number is one of the key factors in determining crop yield. The number of branches/tillers is determined by both the number of axillary meristems formed in the leaf axils and the activity of lateral buds. Epigenetic modification regulates various processes of plant growth and development, but how epigenetic modifications regulate plant branch/tiller number has not been systematically reported. This review summarized the latest research progresses in epigenetic regulation of axillary meristem formation and lateral bud outgrowth, and proposed the future research fields of epigenetic regulation of plant branching/tillering, which will provide theoretical guidance for the breeding of improved crop varieties through epigenetic modifications.

Key words: plant branching/tillering, epigenetic modification, axillary meristem, lateral bud, lateral bud outgrowth