Chinese Bulletin of Botany ›› 2023, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (4): 602-611.DOI: 10.11983/CBB22091

• TECHNIQUES AND METHODS • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Optimization and Evaluation of Tn5 Transposase Fusion Protein in CUT&Tag

Shengyu Liu, Xiaobin Liu, Jiafu Zhu, Jing Su, Zhicheng Dong, Min Liu()   

  1. Innovative Center of Molecular Genetics and Evolution, Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Crop Gene Editing, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Plant Adaptation and Molecular Design, School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
  • Received:2022-04-29 Accepted:2022-09-07 Online:2023-07-01 Published:2022-09-30
  • Contact: *E-mail:

Abstract: Tn5 is a bacterial transposon. The engineered Tn5 can efficiently tag DNA while adding the adapter sequences. Therefore, it has been widely used in the preparation of high-throughput sequencing libraries. Cleavage Under Target & Tagmentation (CUT&Tag) is an improved technology for studying the interaction between protein and DNA, which has the advantages of good repeatability, high signal-to-noise ratio, and easy operation. This technology uses Protein A (pA) or Protein G (pG) and Tn5 to form a fusion protein, which can locate specific antibodies (the antibody is used to identify the target protein) and break the DNA near the target site while introducing sequencing adapters. Then, DNA was extracted, followed by PCR amplification to obtain the sequencing library. However, different types of antibodies have different affinities for pA and pG, thus limiting the application of CUT&Tag for some antibodies. To overcome this limitation, the expression vector of pG-Tn5 was constructed by recombination, and pG-Tn5 recombinant protein was obtained by prokaryotic expression and affinity purification. We used RNA polymerase II (Pol II)-specific antibodies (Pol II Ser5P, mouse IgG1 and rabbit IgG) to compare the efficiency of pA-Tn5 and pG-Tn5 in library preparation of CUT&Tag in Arabidopsis. The results showed that the IgG1 antibody had higher affinity for pG-Tn5, and the quality of the constructed library was better when pG-Tn5 was used. The rabbit IgG antibody has comparable affinities to the two enzymes. A lower starting amount of plant material can be applicable in CUT&Tag. This study provides a reference for the selection of Tn5 fusion proteins against different antibodies in future CUT&Tag experiments.

Key words: ChIP, CUT&Tag, RNA polymerase II, Tn5