Chinese Bulletin of Botany ›› 2022, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (5): 661-672.DOI: 10.11983/CBB22041

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Alternative Splicing of Plant Genes: Full of Change, Sail with Wind

Hao Xuefeng1,2, Wu Zhangjing2, Ma Tian2, Jin Zhuping2,*(), Pei Yanxi2,*()   

  1. 1College of Biological and Technology, Taiyuan Normal University, Jinzhong 030619, China
    2Shanxi Key Laboratory for Research and Development of Regional Plants, School of Life Science, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China

Abstract: Alternative splicing is a process in which the mRNA precursor produces a variety of mature transcripts through different splicing mode. It is an important way in post transcriptional regulation in eukaryotic cells. Plant genes also can produce diverse transcripts via alternative splicing on the same gene, so as to regulate a variety of biological processes. In plants, the research on this field lags behind that in animals, but great progresses have been made in recent years. In this review, we summarized the biological significance, splicing patterns, research methods of the alternative splicing, as well as its roles in the regulation in the growth, development and responses to environmental stresses. Some perspectives and prospects are give for this research field.

Key words: plants, gene, alternative splicing, transcripts, function