Chin Bull Bot ›› 2019, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (2): 255-264.doi: 10.11983/CBB18152

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• SPECIAL TOPICS • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Plant Systemic Signaling Under Biotic and Abiotic Stresses Conditions

Dai Yujia1,2,Luo Xiaofeng1,2,Zhou Wenguan1,2,Chen Feng1,2,Shuai Haiwei1,Yang Wenyu1,*(),Shu Kai1,2,*()   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Crop Ecophysiology and Farming System in Southwest China, Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Ecological Agriculture, College of Agronomy, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
    2 Center for Ecological and Environmental Sciences, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710129, China
  • Received:2018-07-08 Accepted:2018-12-10 Online:2019-09-01 Published:2019-03-01
  • Contact: Yang Wenyu,Shu Kai E-mail:mssiyangwy@sicau.edu.cn;kshu@sicau.edu.cn

Abstract:

Plants have evolved numerous strategies to adapt to complex and changing surroundings. Plants have a wide range of systemic responses induced by local stresses to precisely regulate plant growth, development and adaptability to environments. Plant systemic responses induce whole-plant signaling transmission at first, called systemic signaling. When subjected to local stresses, plants trigger chemical molecules in local cells, such as biosynthesis and/or signaling transduction of the phytohormones jasmonic acid and methyl salicylate. Accompanied by a series of complex signal cascades, multiple signal components work together to activate the systemic response. In the past several years, pioneer studies demonstrated that phytohormones, small peptides and several types of RNAs are considered key components of slow-moving systemic signaling, and rapid systemic signals include reactive oxygen species, calcium signals and electrical signals. Plant systemic signaling is essential for plant growth, development and adaptation to the environment, and the precise transmission mechanism is worthy of further investigation. In this review, we describe the research progress in plant systemic signaling transmission and response to the environment and summarize several key systemic signal components and their transmission mechanism. Finally, the potential challenges of future research in this research field are discussed.

Key words: systemic signaling, jasmonic acid, salicylic acid, RNA, reactive oxygen species

Table 1

Important components of plant systemic signaling"

信号组分 作用方式 参考文献
缓慢系统
信号
激素类 茉莉酸(JA) 响应创伤、寒冷和昆虫啃食等, 在植物体内发生系
统性积累
Koo et al., 2009; VanDoorn et al., 2011; Yan et al., 2013
水杨酸
(SA)
响应病原菌侵染, 调控植物免疫反应 Mou et al., 2003; Lee et al., 2015; Ali et al., 2017
油菜素甾醇(BR) 与系统信号组件互作, 调控系统响应, 如活性氧 Xia et al., 2011, 2015
RNA 响应多种胁迫, 作为基因表达产物在维管束中系
统性转运
Yoo et al., 2004; Suzuki et al., 2015
小分子肽 系统素 广泛存在于茄科植物中, 提高植株对植食性动物
的抗性
Scheer et al., 2003; Coppola et al., 2017
环二肽 增强植物对病原菌和病毒侵害的抵抗力, 诱导活
性氧累积及Ca2+信号转导
Wu et al., 2017
其它小分子
代谢物
氨基酸
代谢物
在维管束中, 如壬二酸和哌啶酸, 引起SA的积累,
诱导植物对病原菌的抗性
Jung et al., 2009; Shah et al., 2014
MeSA 在维管束中, SA的代谢产物, 是重要的系统信号分子 Park et al., 2007
快速系统
信号
活性氧 迅速产生并响应多种胁迫, 是从胞间信号到系统信
号转导的重要信号形式
Dat et al., 2000; Hancock et al., 2001; Czarnocka and Karpinski, 2018
Ca2+ 迅速产生并响应多种胁迫, 细胞内重要的第二信
使, 具有信号转导迅速和分布广泛的特征
Ranty et al., 2016; Zhu, 2016
电信号 响应创伤和昆虫啃咬等, 以高效的信息传递功能与
其它机制及信号体系发生联合
Vincill et al., 2012; Gilroy et al., 2016; Hedrich et al., 2016; Szechyńska- Hebda et al., 2017
其它 离子通道 如GLR和TPC, 调控电信号和Ca2+等快速信号的胞
间传递, 也为多种信号的偶联提供可能
Miller et al., 2009; Choi et al., 2016; Gilroy et al., 2016
RBOH 是调控活性氧信号转导的关键酶类 Miller et al., 2009; Mittler, 2017
NPR1 SA受体, 是SA信号通路的关键组分 Mou et al., 2003; Niu et al., 2016; Ali et al., 2017
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