Chinese Bulletin of Botany ›› 2018, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (1): 110-125.DOI: 10.11983/CBB17011

• SPECIAL TOPICS • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Advances in Research of Six Woody Oil Crops in China

Dandan Yin1,2, Shanshan Li1, Qian Wu1,2, Chengyong Feng1,2, Bing Li1,3, Qianyu Wang1,2, Liangsheng Wang1,2,*(), Wenzhong Xu1,*()   

  1. 1Key Laboratory of Plant Resources and Beijing Botanical Garden, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
    2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3College of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China
  • Received:2017-01-18 Accepted:2017-06-06 Online:2018-01-01 Published:2018-08-10
  • Contact: Liangsheng Wang, Wenzhong Xu

Abstract:

Here we characterize three traditional woody oil crops, Camellia oleifera, Juglans regia, and Xanthoceras sorbifolium, and three emerging woody oil crops, Paeonia suffruticosa, Plukenetia volubilis, and Acer truncatum. We review the germplasm resources, fatty acid composition, active compounds and molecular biology of lipid synthesis and metabolism of these crops in detail. The description can help in planting the resources according to local conditions, exerting the advantage of special woody oils, and supplying the deficiency of the herb oil crops. It could increase the quantity of vegetable oil and improve nutrition awareness and health level by a return to nature and the protection of resources. Finally, we analyze the problems in use of the woody oil crops and suggest directions for further exploration.

Key words: active compounds, α-linolenic acid;, fatty acid, fatty acid desaturase, molecular biology, woody oil crop