Chinese Bulletin of Botany ›› 2016, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (6): 827-840.DOI: 10.11983/CBB15212

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Current Research Advances on Glutamate Receptors (GLRs) in Plants

Mingjie He1,2†, Yichen Sun2†, Xiaoyuan Cheng2, Dongxue Shi2, Diqin Li1, Yiyin Chen3, Yongkun Feng2, Lu Liu2, Tengfei Fan2, Chao Yang3, Fengqiu Cao4*, Laihua Liu1,2*   

  1. 1College of Agriculture Sciences, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China
    2College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    3Institute of Tobacco Research of Chongqing, Chongqing 400716, China
    4Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Institute of Plant Physiology Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, China
  • Received:2015-12-03 Accepted:2016-04-01 Online:2016-11-01 Published:2016-12-02
  • Contact: Cao Fengqiu,Liu Laihua
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

Abstract: In mammals, ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGLuR) are amino acids (e.g. glutamate and glycine) -gated cation channels, and exhibit molecular functions in the regulation of excitatory neurotransmission as well as in directing neuron growth. Since 1998 twenty genes homologous to iGLuR have been identified in Arabidopsis genome (termed AtGLRs), with reported functions involved in many biological processes including light signaling, root-tip meristematic cell activity, pollen tube growth, cytosolic calcium ion flux and response to varied biotic and abiotic stresses. This paper comprehensively summarizes research achievements or advances in terms of plant glutamate receptors and amino acid (e.g. glutamate) signaling in the past more than ten years, with major issues focusing on e.g. the protein structure of GLRs, a relationship between activation of ion channels and their ligands, their gene expression patterns as well as possible biological roles in plants, thus hopefully providing valuable information for researchers related to this field.