Chinese Bulletin of Botany ›› 2017, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (4): 394-452.DOI: 10.11983/CBB17147

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Research Advances in Plant Science in China in 2016

Xiaojing Wang1, Langtao Xiao2, Aiwu Dong3, Tai Wang4, Qian Qian5, Xiaoquan Qi4, Fan Chen6, Jianru Zuo6, Shuhua Yang7, Hongya Gu8, Zhiduan Chen4, Liwen Jiang9, Yongfei Bai4, Hongzhi Kong4, Kang Chong4   

  1. 1College of Life Sciences, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    2College of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China
    3School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
    4Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
    5China National Rice Research Institute, Hangzhou 310006, China
    6Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    7College of Biological Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, China
    8College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    9The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatian, China
  • Online:2017-07-01 Published:2017-05-05
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Plant science in China continued to forge ahead in 2016, with a steady increase in number of original articles published in the top high-impact-factor international journals. Journals of Chinese plant science improved and entered the top three ranks of research journals in the world. Chinese scientists have made impressive and enviable achievements in many important field of plant science. The molecular genetics mechanism of heterosis in rice yield was included in the “Top 10 achievements in Chinese Science in 2016”. The “Breakthrough of the year: The top 10 scientific achievements of life science in China in 2016” included studies on signaling between male and female gametophytes during fertilization in plants and the perception mechanism of the strigolactones receptor. Plant science in China, especially in the field of crop research, represented by rice science, is occurring in the international arena. For example, a series of significant advance has been made in rice genome resources and technology platform, resequencing, clone of rice functional genes and analysis of regulatory network (revealing the mechanism of disinhibition activation of strigolactones signal transduction, interpreting sterility hybrid between indica and japonica at molecular level and the mechanism of action of wide compatibility gene S5, finding a genomic loci of controlling cold tolerance of rice), leading the scientific research of rice and even crops in the world. In this review, we comment on the significant progress made in plant science in China in 2016, review the latest findings and hot events in plant science in 2016, and share the great achievements made by Chinese scientists.