Chinese Bulletin of Botany ›› 2016, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (6): 872-881.DOI: 10.11983/CBB15215

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Research Advances in the Vegetation and Climate of the Beijing Region, North China Since the Holocene

Gan Xie1,5†, Jiade Bai2†, Jingxian Xu3†, Hui Hao4†, Jinfeng Li1†, Yifeng Yao1†, Linyuan Zhang2, Chengsen Li1, Jian Yang1*, Yufei Wang1,5*   

  1. 1State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
    2Beijing Milu Ecological Research Center, Beijing 100076, China
    3Beijing Museum of Natural History, Beijing 100050, China
    4Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
    5University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-12-04 Accepted:2016-06-30 Online:2016-11-01 Published:2016-12-02
  • Contact: Yang Jian,Wang Yufei
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

Abstract: We introduce research advances in vegetation succession and climatic changes in Beijing, North China, since the Holocene. In the early Holocene (12 000-8 000 cal a B. P.), a grassland and/or needle- and broad-leaved mixed forest was present, with an increment in broad-leaved trees, which indicated a relatively cold and dry climate changing to warm and humid afterwards. In the middle Holocene (8 000-2 000 cal a B. P.), a needle- and broad-leaved mixed forest indicated a warm and humid climate. The vegetation of the late Holocene (since 2 000 cal a B. P.) was grassland and/or needle- and broad-leaved mixed forest, showing a cooler and drier climate. The consistent moisture fluctuations reflected by the vegetation succession were identical to those of other Asian monsoon-dominant regions. Notably, previous studies have revealed differences between mountainous and plain areas in vegetation types in Beijing. Further quantitative reconstruction of the Holocene climate in Beijing should provide more detailed data on the local and even regional climatic changes.