植物学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (3): 280-294.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1259.2015.00280

• 特邀综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

植物引种驯化对近500年人类文明史的影响及其科学意义

黄宏文1,*(), 段子渊2, 廖景平1, 张征1   

  1. 1中国科学院华南植物园, 中国科学院植物资源保护与可持续利用重点实验室, 广州 510650
    2中国科学院科技促进发展局, 北京 100864
  • 收稿日期:2014-09-10 接受日期:2014-12-26 出版日期:2015-05-01 发布日期:2015-04-08
  • 通讯作者: 黄宏文
  • 作者简介:

    ? 共同第一作者

  • 基金资助:
    科技基础性工作专项(No.2009FY120200)和中国植物园联盟建设-植物园国家标准体系建设与评估项目

Impact of Plant Introduction or Domestication on the Recent 500 Years of Civilization and Scientific Research Value of Plant Living Collections

Hongwen Huang1, *, Ziyuan Duan2, Jingping Liao1, Zheng Zhang1   

  1. 1Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China
    2Bureau of Scientific and Technological Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100864, China
  • Received:2014-09-10 Accepted:2014-12-26 Online:2015-05-01 Published:2015-04-08
  • Contact: Huang Hongwen
  • About author:

    ? These authors contributed equally to this paper

摘要:

近500年来, 植物引种驯化及其广泛栽培深刻改变了世界农业生产的格局, 对促进人类社会文明进步产生了深远的影响。无论在西方殖民地发展史还是在我国明清发展史中, 每一种重要栽培植物的成功引种和驯化, 都对历史进程产生了不可估量的作用。活植物收集是植物园的核心和“灵魂”, 传承了现代植物园几个世纪科学研究的脉络和成就。活植物收集是植物园科学研究的基础和支撑平台, 也是当前和未来发展的根本。基于活植物收集的植物园研究工作具有多学科综合的特征, 既对基础生物学研究具有重要意义, 也与经济繁荣、社会发展和人类日常生活密切相关。

Abstract:

In the recent 500 years, plant introduction or domestication and internationalization of introduced plant crops have profoundly changed the world agricultural productions and have had far-reaching impacts on the history of human civilization. Whether in Western colonial history or in the Ming and Qing dynasties of China, successful introduction and domestication of important crop plants have immeasurably changed economic and social developments and history. Plant living collections are the core of botanical gardens and the “soul” by inheriting the contexts and achievements of scientific research of modern botanical gardens in the past five centuries. Plant living collections are also a foundation of botanical garden-based life science and biotechnology and supporting facilities for other disciplines and are of fundamental importance for current and future developments of botanical gardens. Living collections of plant-based research in botanical gardens are multi-disciplinary, of critical importance for contemporary basic biology and also closely connected to economic and social prosperity and our daily life.