植物学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (4): 480-487.DOI: 10.11983/CBB21034

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细胞核质转运及其受体在植物抗病防御反应中的调控作用

石添添1, 高英1,*(), 王欢2,3, 刘君1,*()   

  1. 1中国农业科学院作物科学研究所, 农作物基因资源与基因改良国家重大科学工程, 北京 100081
    2中国农业科学院生物技术研究所, 北京 100081
    3国家成都农业科技中心, 成都 610213
  • 收稿日期:2021-02-08 接受日期:2021-05-28 出版日期:2021-07-01 发布日期:2021-06-30
  • 通讯作者: 高英,刘君
  • 作者简介:liujun@caas.cn
    *E-mail: gaoying@caas.cn;
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2018YFD1000702);国家重点研发计划(2018YFD1000700);国家自然科学基金(31470367)

Nucleo-cytoplasmic Transport and Transport Receptors in Plant Disease Resistance Defense Response

Tiantian Shi1, Ying Gao1,*(), Huan Wang2,3, Jun Liu1,*()   

  1. 1National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement (NFCRI), Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), Beijing 100081, China
    2Biotechnology Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), Beijing 100081, China
    3Chengdu National Agricultural Science and Technology Center, Chengdu 610213, China
  • Received:2021-02-08 Accepted:2021-05-28 Online:2021-07-01 Published:2021-06-30
  • Contact: Ying Gao,Jun Liu

摘要:

植物病害严重威胁全球粮食生产, 研究植物对病原菌防御机制和病原菌对寄主作物的侵染过程和分子机制, 有助于改良植物种源使其获得持久抗性。近年来, 日渐增多的研究表明, 一些抗病蛋白需要转移到细胞核内才能启动免疫反应, 进而发挥抗病防御作用, 而细胞核质转运受体是实现这些抗病蛋白核质转运必不可少的“载体”。因此, 细胞核质转运及转运受体在抗病防御中发挥重要作用。该文在介绍植物抗病防御反应机制的基础上, 综述了细胞核质转运及核质转运受体在植物抗病防御反应中的作用研究进展, 并对未来的研究方向进行了展望。

关键词: 植物抗病防御反应, 细胞核质转运, 细胞核质转运受体

Abstract:

Plant pathogens pose a constant and major threat to global food production, so understanding plant’s defense mechanism against pathogen and pathogen’s infection mechanism against host crops and their molecular mechanisms will be helpful to design protection strategies for durable resistance of plant. Until now, a growing number of studies have shown that some disease resistant proteins need to be transferred to the nucleus to initiate an immune response. Nucleocytoplasmic transport receptors are essential “carrier” for nuclear transport. Therefore, nucleocytoplasmic transport and receptors play important role in disease resistance. Based on the introduction of plant disease defense response mechanism, this paper focuses on research progress of nucleocytoplasmic transport and nucleocytoplasmic transport receptors in disease resistance and proposes a prospect.

Key words: plant disease resistance defense response, nucleocytoplasmic transport, nucleocytoplasmic transport recep-tors