Chin Bull Bot ›› 2009, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (03): 371-378.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-3466.2009.03.015

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Advances on Ecological Studies of Algae and Mosses in Biological Soil Crust

Yunpu Zheng1, Jiancheng Zhao 1* , Bingchang Zhang 2, 3, Lin Li 1, Yuanming Zhang 2   

  1. 1College of Life Science, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050016, China;
    2Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China
  • Received:2008-04-10 Revised:2008-10-13 Online:2010-11-03 Published:2009-05-01
  • Contact: Jiancheng Zhao

Abstract:

Algae and mosses are not only two common pioneer plants in the process of vegetation succession but also two groups with the highest biomass in the biological soil crust. As pioneer plants, algae and mosses are indispensable in the process of establishing the biological soil crust, which plays an important role in the desert ecosystem, namely, indicating vegetation type, soil holding, preventing from erosion by water or wind, and sand fixation. This paper reviews the recent research into algae and mosses which in arid and semi-arid areas and focuses on the ecological separate functions and relations of alg-ae and mosses. Some suggestions are proposed for researching algae and mosses, especially research into the symbiotic mechanism of algae and mosses in the biological soil crust. Ecologically, such research has important significance and prac-tice value for further analyzing the influence and demonstrating the ecological relations between algae and mosses.

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