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Relationship Between the Composition of Anthocyanins and Flower Color Variation in Hardy Water Lily (Nymphaea spp.) Cultivars

Manlan Zhu1,2, Liangsheng Wang2*, Huijin Zhang2, Yanjun Xu3, Xuchen Zheng1,2, Lijin Wang2,4   

  1. 1College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China;

    2Beijing Botanical Garden/Key Laboratory of Plant Resources, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China;

    3Department of Applied Chemistry, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, China;

    4Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2012-03-30 Revised:2012-05-17 Online:2012-07-24 Published:2012-09-01
  • Contact: Liangsheng Wang

Abstract: Water lily (Nymphaea spp.) is a perennial aquatic flower plant. We investigated color of 57 hardy water lily cultivars by the Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart (RHSCC) and International Commission on Illumination CIEL*a*b* scale. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with photodiode array detection (DAD) and HPLC electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MSn) identified 14 anthocyanins. Eight compounds were identified in the petals of 119 hardy water lily cultivars for the first time. Multiple linear regression revealed that Dp3Ga, Dp3galloylGa, Cy3Ga(1→2)Ga and Cy3galloylGa compounds were key pigments in petal color. We discuss differences in anthocyanin components between hardy and tropical water lily and blue color breeding of hardy water lily.

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