Chin Bull Bot ›› 2017, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (5): 543-549.doi: 10.11983/CBB16123

• EXPERIMENTAL COMMUNICATIONS • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Application of Photochemical Reflectance Index in Comparing Frost Resistance of Grapevine Cultivars

Lulong Sun, Wei Song, Yuanpeng Du, Heng Zhai*   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, College of Horticultural Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an 271018, China
  • Received:2016-06-02 Accepted:2016-09-04 Online:2017-07-10 Published:2017-09-01
  • Contact: Heng Zhai E-mail:zhaih@sdau.edu.cn

Abstract:

Leaves of 12 grapevine cultivars were selected as materials and collected in the fall. The photochemical reflectance index (PRI) in leaves was measured after frost treatment. Effective parameters were calculated and used in functional value analysis to compare the cold hardiness of leaves. Cooling temperature led to a trend of declining PRI. PRI and its relative value (Rt) had a good linear relationship with temperature in the range of -8 to 0°C. Relative values at both 0°C and -8°C (R0, R-8) differed among cultivars, as did the slope of regressions in the range of -8 to 0°C and can be used as parameters to reflect the cold hardiness of leaves. Functional value analysis and cluster analysis showed that the most cold-hardiness cultivar in leaves was Cabernet Sauvignon (Vitis vinifera), with R0, R-8, and SLP values at 72.3%, 50.19%, and 2.78, respectively.

Key words: Photochemical reflectance index, autumn frost, leaf, grapevine

Figure 1

Temperature-PRI relationships in leaves of different grapevine cultivars (A)-(L) Indicate grapevine cultivars Kyoho, Summer black, Muscat, Moldova, Tangwei Butao, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Frontenac, Vidal Blanc, Shan Butao, White Riesling and Pinot Chardonnay, respectively, the same as Figure 2. All regressions were conducted for the range of -8°C to 0°C and significant difference at 0.05 levels."

Figure 2

Temperature-Rt relationships in different grapevine cultivars (A)-(L) See Figure 1. Rt (%)=PRIt/PRI4°C×100, t=0, -2, -4, -6, -8°C. All regressions were conducted for the range of -8°C to 0°C and significant difference at 0.05 levels."

Table 1

Comparison of R0, R-8, 1/SLP among 12 grapevine cultivar leaves"

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
R0
1. Kyoho
2. Summer black *
3. Muscat * *
4. Moldova * * *
5. Tangwei Butao * * * *
6. Cabernet Sauvignon * * * * *
7. Merlot * * * * * *
8. Frontenac * * * * * * *
9. Vidal Blanc * * * * * * * *
10. Shan Butao * * * * * * * * *
11. White Riesling * * * * * * * * * *
12. Pinot Chardonnay * * * * * * * * * * *
R-8
1. Kyoho
2. Summer black *
3. Muscat * *
4. Moldova * * *
5. Tangwei Butao * * * *
6. Cabernet Sauvignon * * * * *
7. Merlot * * * * * *
8. Frontenac * * * * * * *
9. Vidal Blanc * * * * * * * *
10. Shan Butao * * * * * * * * *
11. White Riesling * * * * * * * * * *
12. Pinot Chardonnay * * * * * * * * * * *
1/SLP
1. Kyoho
2. Summer black *
3. Muscat * n
4. Moldova * * *
5. Tangwei Butao * * * *
6. Cabernet Sauvignon * * * * *
7. Merlot * * n * * *
8. Frontenac * * * * * * *
9. Vidal Blanc * * * n * * * *
10. Shan Butao * * n * * * n * *
11. White Riesling * * * * * * * * * *
12. Pinot Chardonnay * * * * * * * * * * *

Figure 3

Cluster analysis of cold hardiness of 12 grapevine cultivar leaves according to functional values"

Table 2

Affiliation function analysis of cold hardiness in lea- ves of 12 grapevine cultivars"

Cultivar R0 R-8 1/SLP Means
Kyoho 0.667 0.644 0.083 0.464
Summer black 0.668 0.298 0 0.322
Muscat 0.513 0.151 0.006 0.223
Moldova 1 0.930 0.023 0.651
Tangwei Butao 0 0 1 0.333
Cabernet Sauvignon 0.977 1 0.057 0.678
Merlot 0.839 0.661 0.012 0.504
Frontenac 0.772 0.591 0.041 0.468
Vidal Blanc 0.874 0.713 0.024 0.537
Shan Butao 0.828 0.623 0.011 0.487
White Riesling 0.946 0.973 0.066 0.662
Pinot Chardonnay 0.525 0.486 0.123 0.378
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