Chinese Bulletin of Botany ›› 2016, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (6): 872-881.doi: 10.11983/CBB15215

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Research Advances in the Vegetation and Climate of the Beijing Region, North China Since the Holocene

Gan Xie1,5†, Jiade Bai2†, Jingxian Xu3†, Hui Hao4†, Jinfeng Li1†, Yifeng Yao1†, Linyuan Zhang2, Chengsen Li1, Jian Yang1*, Yufei Wang1,5*   

  1. 1State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
    2Beijing Milu Ecological Research Center, Beijing 100076, China
    3Beijing Museum of Natural History, Beijing 100050, China
    4Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
    5University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-12-04 Accepted:2016-06-30 Online:2016-12-02 Published:2016-11-01
  • Contact: Yang Jian,Wang Yufei E-mail:yangjian@ibcas.ac.cn;wangyf@ibcas.ac.cn
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

Abstract:

We introduce research advances in vegetation succession and climatic changes in Beijing, North China, since the Holocene. In the early Holocene (12 000-8 000 cal a B. P.), a grassland and/or needle- and broad-leaved mixed forest was present, with an increment in broad-leaved trees, which indicated a relatively cold and dry climate changing to warm and humid afterwards. In the middle Holocene (8 000-2 000 cal a B. P.), a needle- and broad-leaved mixed forest indicated a warm and humid climate. The vegetation of the late Holocene (since 2 000 cal a B. P.) was grassland and/or needle- and broad-leaved mixed forest, showing a cooler and drier climate. The consistent moisture fluctuations reflected by the vegetation succession were identical to those of other Asian monsoon-dominant regions. Notably, previous studies have revealed differences between mountainous and plain areas in vegetation types in Beijing. Further quantitative reconstruction of the Holocene climate in Beijing should provide more detailed data on the local and even regional climatic changes.

Table 1

The Holocene sampling locations of vegetation and climate in Beijing"

地形 样点 海拔
(m)
位置 经纬度 剖面/
钻孔
长度
(m)
测年
方法
测年位置(m) 年代
(a B. P.)
校正年代
(cal a B. P.)*
代用
指标
文献来源
西北山区 西五里营 477 延庆盆地南侧
洪积扇前缘
40°27′N, 115°50′E* 钻孔 7.4 14C 3.35-3.5 4510±100 5001-5300 孢粉 孔昭宸等, 1982
0.9 3215±100 3347-3564
0.3-0.45 1895±100 1722-1954
大王庄西 477 延庆盆地北侧
洪积扇前缘
40°23′N, 115°52′E* 钻孔 9.4 14C 5.3-6 9550±120 10706-11080 孢粉 孔昭宸等, 1982
3.8-4.9 7720±120 8427-8682
2.5-3 5620±100 6329-6535
小王庄 480 延庆官厅水库溢水口
小王庄泥炭矿
40°23′N, 115°52′E* 剖面 12 14C 4.1-4.3 7495±110 8196-8389 孢粉 严富华等, 1981
2.4-2.8 3055±55 3190-3338
马兰阶地 450-
500
斋堂马兰台地 39°57′N, 115°42′E* 剖面 1.8 14C 1.5 8120±70 8998-9192 植硅石 卢演俦等, 2003
1.1 5900±130 6572-6896
0.7 1740±60 1585-1732
东胡林 400* 门头沟斋堂东胡
林人遗址
39°59′N, 115°45′E* 考古遗址 7.88 14C 2-3 9281±120 10325-10641 孢粉, 蜗牛 郝守刚等, 2002
2-3 9009±80 9978-10230
1-2 8960±70 9956-10190
1-2 8270±60 9157-9376
1-2 460±80 376-552
东南平原区 高里掌 50 北京山前平原西北
洪积扇前缘
40°3′N, 116°8′E* 钻孔 12 14C 4.65-5.8 9930±150 11259-11735 孢粉 孔昭宸等, 1982
3-3.6 8990±120 9904-10238
尹家河 16 潮白河西侧 39°49′N, 116°55′E* 钻孔 30 地层对比 15.5-15.8 8250±120 9076-9387 孢粉 孔昭宸等, 1982
海淀区颐和园 49* 昆明湖玉带桥 39°59′N, 116°16′E* 钻孔 2.76 未见底 14C,
史料
2.65 2850±175 2817-3232 孢粉 黄成彦等, 1994, 1996
2.25 2450±65 2412-2668
1.65 1740±125 1523-1808
通州 通州全境 钻孔和剖面 14C,
资料
地貌,
沉积学
单青生等, 1994
东方广场 59* 王府井东方广场 39°55′N, 116°25′E* 剖面 9.57 古地磁 5.36 12000 孢粉 袁宝印等, 2002
房山东甘池 49 房山长沟镇 39°32′N, 115°47′E 剖面 8.2 14C 5.25-5.3 10184±250 11444-12353 孢粉 张佳华等, 1999
1.2-1.25 2400±80 2376-2654
海淀区辛力屯 47* 海淀区上庄公社
辛力屯村泥炭矿
40°08′N, 116°10′E* 剖面 10.25 14C 2.8 4791±90 5382-5603 孢粉 严富华等, 1981
1.9-2.2 1750±150 1508-1845
小红门 39* 北京南郊小红门
新华砖厂
39°50′N, 116°28′E* 剖面 14.15 地层对比 3.74-4.84 11000-9000 孢粉 袁宝印等, 2002
0.99-3.74 9000-2300
0-0.99 2300至今
老山汉墓 70* 石景山老山汉墓 39°55′N, 115°13′E* 考古
遗址
史料 西汉: 202BC-8AD 随葬植物遗存 孔昭宸等, 2011

Figure 1

The vegetation succession and climate changes in Beijing since Holocene"

Figure 2

The regional moisture extent changes in China since Holocene (modified from Ran and Feng, 2013)"

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