Chin Bull Bot ›› 2012, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (2): 101-110.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1259.2012.00101

    Next Articles

Epigenetic Regulation in Plant Endosperm Development

Meishan Zhang1,2, Bao Liu2*   

  1. 1Department of Agronomy, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China

    2Key Laboratory of Molecular Epigenetics of Ministry of Education, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2011-09-07 Revised:2011-12-07 Online:2012-03-16 Published:2012-03-01
  • Contact: Bao Liu E-mail:baoliu@nenu.edu.cn

Abstract: In angiosperms, seed development initiates from double fertilization, which produces a diploid embryo and a triploid endosperm. The endosperm, a terminally differentiated tissue that nourishes the embryo during seed development and germination, is the prominent tissue of imprinting in plants. Proper endosperm development is crucial for normal embryo and seed development. The expression of imprinted genes is regulated by epigenetic mechanisms, including DNA methylation, H3K27 trimethylation and PolIV-dependent siRNA (p4-siRNA). Such epigenetic regulation of imprinting is vital to proper endosperm development and seed viability. Recent studies show that endosperm DNA methylation is reduced genome-wide, which likely originates from demethylation in the central cell nucleus of the female gametophyte. This review focuses on the latest research advances in the epigenetic regulation in plant seed development, including the mechanism of plant genomic imprinting and dynamics of the genome-wide demethylation in endosperm.

No related articles found!
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] Linshu Zhao, Luxiang Liu, Jiayu Gu, Huijun Guo, Junhui Li, Yongdun Xie, Shirong Zhao. A Method to Improve Sample Preparation for Observing Stomata Guard Cells in Triticum aestivum[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2014, 49(1): 120 -126 .
[2] TANG Zhong-Hua YU Jing-Hua YANG Feng-Jian ZU Yuan-Gang. Metabolic Biology of Plant Alkaloids[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2003, 20(06): 696 -702 .
[3] Chunlin Long;Meilan Li . Status and Conservation Strategies of Community Plant Genetic Resources—A Case Study in Manlun, a Dai Village in Xishuangbanna[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2006, 23(2): 177 -185 .
[4] KONG Hai-Yan JIA Gui-Xia WEN Yue-Ge. The Role of Calcium in Flower Development[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2003, 20(02): 168 -177 .
[5] CHEN Jian-San and ZHAO Shi-Xu. A Study Cell Embryology of Rice 84-15[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1999, 16(03): 284 -287 .
[6] Yanqing Zhou, Wanshen Wang, Xiangnan Wang, Hongying Duan. Recent Progress in DNA Molecular Markers and Gene Functions of Rehmannia glutinosa[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2015, 50(5): 665 -672 .
[7] Han Yeliang. A Discussion on the Northern Boundary of the Subtropical Evergreen Broad-leaf Forest Zone in Anhui Province (Abstract)[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1981, 5(1): 54 -57 .
[8] Li Yi-de, Zeng Qing-bo, Wu Zhong-min, Du Zhi-hu, Zhou Guang-yi, Chen Bu-feng, Zhang Zhen-cai, Chen Huan-qiang. Study on Biomass of Tropical Mountain Rain Forest in Jianfengling, Hainan Province[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1992, 16(4): 293 -300 .
[9] XIA Jiang-Bao, ZHANG Guang-Can, SUN Jing-Kuan, LIU Xia. Threshold effects of photosynthetic and physiological parameters in Prunus sibirica to soil moisture and light intensity[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2011, 35(3): 322 -329 .
[10] Deng Lianhe, Zhou Xincheng. Suggestion to Protect the Community Composed of Rare Tree Species of Houhe Forest Area in Wufeng County, Hubei Province[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1982, 6(1): 84 .