Chin Bull Bot ›› 2011, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (1): 11-20.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1259.2011.00011

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Major Quantitative Trait Loci Analysis of Tassel Primary Branch Number and Tassel Weight in Maize (Zea mays)

Di Wang1†, Yongxiang Li1†, Yang Wang1†, Cheng Liu2, Zhizhai Liu1,3, Bo Peng1, Weiwei Tan1, Yan Zhang1, Baocheng Sun2, Yunsu Shi1, Yanchun Song1, Tianyu Wang1*, Yu Li1*   

  1. 1Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;

    2Institute of Food Crops, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Urumqi 830000, China;

    3Maize Research Institute, Southwest University, Chongqing 400716, China
  • Received:2010-06-04 Revised:2010-10-16 Online:2011-01-20 Published:2011-01-01
  • Contact: Tianyu Wang,Yu Li E-mail:wangtianyu@263.net; yuli@mail.caas.net.cn

Abstract: Tassel-related traits of maize are important for modern maize breeding and production. To understand the genetic basis of tassel traits, we evaluated 230 and 235 F2:3 families derived from the Qi319×Huangzaosi population (Q/H) and the Ye478×Huangzaosi population (Y/H), under 6 different environments (2007-Beijing, 2008-Beijing, 2007-Henan, 2008-Henan, 2007-Xinjiang, and 2008-Xinjiang). We aimed to map quantitative trait loci (QTL) controlling tassel primary branch number and tassel weight by using the inclusive composite interval mapping method (ICIM). QTLNetwork v2.0 was used to analyze epistasis among QTL and QTL-by-environment interaction. We identified 51 QTL controlling tassel-related traits in the 2 populations (32 QTL in Q/H and 19 in Y/H), with 7 major QTL detected. The umc2160–umc1016 interval on chromosome bin 7.01 (Qqtpbn7-1) and bnlg1094–bnlg1579 on bin 7.02 (Qqtw7-2) were found to be important QTL regions for the Q/H population. Furthermore, 3 QTL were consistent between Q/H and Y/H. The QTL that were consistent in different environments or genetic backgrounds could be useful for precision mapping and positional cloning.

1. 高世斌,赵茂俊,兰海,张志明(2007).玉米雄穗分枝数与主轴长的QTL鉴定.遗传, 29(8):1013-1017.
2. 霍仕平(1993).玉米雄穗的遗传和相关性研究.作物学报,19(6):515-519.
3. 路 明, 周 芳, 谢传晓, 李明顺, 徐云碧, Marilyn Warburton, 张世煌(2007). 玉米杂交种掖单13号的SSR连锁图谱构建于叶夹角和叶向值的QTL定位与分析. 遗传, 29(9): 1131-1138.
4. 汤华,严建兵,黄益勤,郑用琏,李建生(2005).玉米5个农艺性状的QTL定位.遗传, 32(2):203-209.
5. 吴建宇,陈彦惠,席章营,夏宗良(2000).玉米雄穗性状主基因-多基因遗传的初步研究.河南农业大学学报, 34(2):107-113.
6. 王建康(2009). 数量性状基因的完备区间作图方法,作物学报, 35(2): 1-7.
7. Berke T G., Rocheford T(1999). Quantitative trait loci for tassel traits in maize. Crop Science, 39:1439-1443.
8. MickelsonS M., Stuber C S., Stuber L., Kaeppler S M. (2002). Quantitative trait loci controlling leaf and tassel traits in a B73×Mo17 population of Maize. Crop Science, 42:1902-1909.
9. Bommert P., Lunde C., Nardmann J., Volbrecht E., Running M., Jackson D., et al(2005). Thick tassel dwarf1 encodes a putative maize ortholog of the Arabidopsis CLAVATA1 leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinase. Development, 132:1235-1245.
10. Cao G, Zhu J, He C, Gao Y, Yan J, Wu P(2001). Impact of epistasis and QTL×environment interaction on the developmental behavior of plant height of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 103: 153-160.
11. Duvick D N., Cassman KG.(1999). Post-green revolution trends in yield potential of temperate maize in the North-Central United States. Crop Science, 39(6):1622-1630.
12. Fischer K S., Edmeades G O., Johnson E C ( 1987). Recurrent selection for reduced tassel branch number and reduced leaf area density above the ear in tropical maize populations. Crop Science, 27(6):1150-1156.
13. Geraldi I O., Miranda Filho J B., Vencovsky R (1985). Estimates of genetic parameters for tassel characters in maize (Zea mays L.) and breeding perspectives. Maydica, 30(1):1-14.
14. Haldane J B S (1919). The combination of linkage values and the calculation of distance between the loci of linked factor. Genetics, 8:299-309.
15. Hunter R B., Daynard T B., Hume D J., Tanner J W., Curtis J D., Kannenberg L W (1969). Effect of tassel removal on grain yield of corn (Zea mays L.). Crop Science 9, 405-406.
16. Jean-Marcel Ribaut. ( 2006). Drought Adaptation in Cereals, 269.
17. Lambert RJ., Johnson RR(1978). Leaf angle, tassel morphology, and the performance of maize hybrids. Crop Science, 18(3):499-502.
18. Saghai-Maroof M A, Biyashev R M, Yang G P, Zhang Q, Allard R W(1994). Extraordinarily polymorphic microsatellite DNA in barley: species diversity, chromosomal location and population dynamics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 91: 5466-5470.
19. Schuetzl S H., Mock J J (1978). Genetics of tassel branch number in maize and its implications for a selection program for small tassel size. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 53(6):265-271.
20. Schoper J B., Lambert R J., Vasilas B L (1986). Maize pollen viability and ear receptivity under water and high temperature stress. Crop Science, 26(5):1029-1033.
21. Stuber C W, Edwards M D, Wendel J F (1987). Molecular marker facilitated investigations of quantitative trait loci in maize. II. Factors influencing yield and its component traits. Crop Science, 27: 639-648.
22. Upadyayula N., Silva da H S., Bohn M O., Rocheford T R (2006). Genetic and QTL analysis of maize tassel and ear inflorescence architecture. Theoretical and Applied Genetics,112:592-606.
23. Vollbrecht E., Springer P., Buckler E., Goh L., Martienssen R A (2005). Architecture of floral branch systems in maize and related grasses. Nature 436:1119-1126.
24. Yu S B, Li J X, Xu C G, Tan Y, Li X H, Zhang Q F(2002). Identification of quantitative trait loci and epistatic interactions for plant height and heading date in rice. Theoretical and Applied Genetics,104: 619-625.
No related articles found!
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1994, 11(专辑): 19 .
[2] Xiao Xiao and Cheng Zhen-qi. Chloroplast 4.5 S ribosomol DNA. II Gene and Origin[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1985, 3(06): 7 -9 .
[3] CAO Cui-LingLI Sheng-Xiu. Effect of Nitrogen Level on the Photosynthetic Rate, NR Activity and the Contents of Nucleic Acid of Wheat Leaf in the Stage of Reproduction[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2003, 20(03): 319 -324 .
[4] SONG Li-Ying TAN Zheng GAO Feng DENG Shu-Yan. Advances in in vitro Culture of Cucurbitaceae in China[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2004, 21(03): 360 -366 .
[5] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1994, 11(专辑): 76 .
[6] LI Jun-De YANG Jian WANG Yu-Fei. Aquatic Plants in the Miocene Shanwang Flora[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2000, 17(专辑): 261 .
[7] XU Jing-Xian WANG Yu-Fei YANG Jian PU Guang-Rong ZHANG Cui-Fen. Advances in the Research of Tertiary Flora and Climate in Yunnan[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2000, 17(专辑): 84 -94 .
[8] Sun Zhen-xiao Xia Guang-min Chen Hui-min. Karyotype Analysis of Psathyrostachys juncea[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1995, 12(01): 56 .
[9] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1994, 11(专辑): 8 -9 .
[10] Yunpu Zheng;Jiancheng Zhao * ;Bingchang Zhang;Lin Li;Yuanming Zhang . Advances on Ecological Studies of Algae and Mosses in Biological Soil Crust[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2009, 44(03): 371 -378 .