Chin Bull Bot ›› 2017, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (3): 346-357.doi: 10.11983/CBB16095

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The Function of Sucrose Nonfermenting-1 Related Protein Kinases in Stress Signaling

Jinfei Zhang1,2, Xia Li2*, Yinfeng Xie1   

  1. 1College of Biology and Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
    2Nanjing Branch of China National Center for Rice Improvement, Jiangsu High Quality Rice Engineering Technology Research Center, Institute of Food Crops, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, China
  • Received:2016-04-25 Accepted:2016-07-08 Online:2017-05-27 Published:2017-05-01
  • Contact: Li Xia
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors


SnRKs (sucrose nonfermenting-1-related protein kinases) are key protein kinases in stress responses. In response to biotic stresses, they are involved in reactive oxygen species and salicylic acid-mediated signaling transduction pathways to enhance the plant tolerance to biological stress. In response to abiotic stresses, SnRKs enhance the plant tolerance to drought, salinity and high temperatures by intracellular signaling mediated by abscisic acid (ABA), regulate cellular energy homeostasis and maintain ion balance by ABA-independent signaling. SnRKs are the main regulators in stress signaling in recent research and we give a brief outlook for future study.

Figure 1

The plant SnRK2s is involved in the main ABA pathway (motified from Axel et al., 2016)(A) In the absence of ABA, the ABA receptors are inactivated and PP2C (Protein Phosphatase 2C) proteins inhibit SnRK2s; (B) In the presence of ABA, the ABA receptors PYR/PIL/RCAR proteins bind to ABA and in turn inhibit PP2C activity, allowing the activation of SnRK2s through autophosphorylation. Activated SnRK2s then phosphorylate their downstream transcription factors, which modulate ABA responding gene expression. They can also phosphorylate other proteins, such as AKT1 and NADPH oxidases. Together, these events lead to the establishment of the ABA response."

Table 1

Different functions of SnRKs gene family of Arabidopsis"

功能 途径 SnRKs亚家族基因名称 基因座位号 基因证号 参考文献
信号 SnRK1.1 (KIN10) At3G01090 821259 Polge and Thomas, 2007
SnRK1.2 (KIN11) At3G29160 822566 Polge and Thomas, 2007
SnRK1.3 At5G39440 833940 Mair et al., 2015
钙离子 SnRK3.16 (CIPK1) At3G17510 821016 D'Angelo et al., 2006
SnRK3.5 (CIPK19) At5G45810 834621 Zhou et al., 2015a
硝酸盐 SnRK3.13 (CIPK8, PKS11) At4G24400 828542 Hu et al., 2009
脱落酸 SnRK2.2 At3G50500 824214 Feng et al., 2014
SnRK2.3 AT5G66880 9305254 Wang et al., 2015a
SnRK2.6 (OST1) At4G33950 829541 Yoshida et al., 2015
SnRK3.14 (CIPK6) At4G30960 829221 Chen et al., 2013
SnRK3.17 (CIPK3, PKS12) At2G26980 817240 Kim et al., 2003
SnRK3.22 (CIPK11, PKS5) At2G30360 817586 Zhou et al., 2015b

水杨酸 SnRK2.8 At1G78290 844164 Lee et al., 2015
SnRK3.22 (CIPK11, PKS5) At2G30360 817586 Xie et al., 2010
活性氧 SnRK3.26 (CIPK26) At5G21326 832246 Drerup et al., 2013
SnRK3.14 (CIPK6) At4G30960 829221 Chen et al., 2013
非生物胁迫 非生物胁迫 SnRK3.1 (CIPK15, PKS3) At5G01810 830556 Kanwar et al., 2014
SnRK3.2 (CIPK2) At5G07070 830598
SnRK3.6 (CIPK20, PKS18) At5G45820 834622
SnRK3.7 (CIPK13) At2G34180 817979
SnRK3.8 (CIPK10) At5G58380 835951
寒冷 SnRK3.10 (CIPK7, PKS7) At3G23000 821874 Huang et al., 2011
SnRK3.17 (CIPK3, PKS12) At2G26980 817240 Kim et al., 2003
缺氧 SnRK3.25 (CIPK25) At5G25110 832582 Meena et al., 2015
渗透胁迫 SnRK3.18 (CIPK16, PKS15) At2G25090 817047 Amarasinghe et al., 2016
SnRK3.4 (CIPK21) At5G57630 835868 Pandey et al., 2015
SnRK2.7 (SRK2F) At4G40010 830162 Fujii et al., 2011
SnRK2.9 At2G23030 816833 Fujii et al., 2011
SnRK2.1 (SRK2G) At5G08590 830760 Fujii et al., 2011
盐碱 SnRK3.9 (CIPK12) At4G18700 827604 Steinhorst et al., 2015
SnRK3.11 (SOS2, CIPK24) At5G35410 833502 Park et al., 2013
SnRK3.12 (CIPK9, PKS6) At1G01140 839349 Mogami et al., 2015
SnRK3.15 (PKS24, CIPK14) At5G01820 831765 Lin et al., 2014
SnRK3.22 (CIPK11, PKS5) At2G30360 817586 Zhou et al., 2015b
SnRK3.18 (CIPK16, PKS15) At2G25090 817047 Amarasinghe et al., 2016
SnRK3.23 (CIPK23, PKS17) At1G30270 839907 Wang et al., 2016
根生长 SnRK2.10 At1G60940 842385 McLoughlin et al., 2012
SnRK2.4 (ASK1, SRK2A) At1G10940 837637 McLoughlin et al., 2012
SnRK3.25 (CIPK25) At5G25110 832582 Meena et al., 2015
种子发芽 SnRK3.22 (CIPK11, PKS5) At2G30360 817586 Zhou et al., 2015b
幼苗生长 SnRK1.1 (KIN10) At3G01090 821259 O'Brien et al., 2015
开花 SnRK1.1 (KIN10) At3G01090 821259 Jeong et al., 2015
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