Chin Bull Bot ›› 2016, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (5): 639-649.doi: 10.11983/CBB15122

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Spatial-temporal Change of Gross Primary Productivity in the Poyang Lake Basin from 2000 to 2013 and Correlation with Meteorologic Factors

Yao Bingnan1, Chen Baozhang2,3,*(), Che Mingliang2,3   

  1. 1 Tourism and Environmental Sciences of Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062
    2Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    3University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2015-07-07 Accepted:2016-02-22 Online:2018-08-10 Published:2016-09-01
  • Contact: Chen Baozhang E-mail:baozhang.chen@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • About author:# Co-first authors

Abstract:

Study of vegetation gross primary production (GPP) is important for research of terrestrial ecosystems and global climate change. We used MODIS GPP products, land cover type data and meteorological data during 2000 to 2013 to analyze the spatial-temporal changes in GPP and the relation with climatic factors (air temperature and precipitation) in the Poyang Lake basin. The mean annual GPP was 1 361 gC·m-2·a-1 (range from 88 to 2 493 gC·m-2·a-1). GPP in 2002 had the lowest mean value and in 2004 the largest. With respect to spatial distribution, GPP values showed a radiative increasing trend pattern, from the center to peripheral areas of the lake valley. The area with obvious GPP increase accounted for 40%, mainly in the northeast of the study region. Correlation analysis showed that air temperature had greater effect than precipitation on changes in annual GPP. As well, fires had some impact on GPP. This study was useful for providing a basis to understand the vegetative growth and monitoring the ecological environment in the Poyang Lake basin.

Figure 1

The Poyang Lake basin and the distribution of land cover types ENF: Evergreen needleleaf forests; EBF: Evergreen broadleaf forests; DNF: Deciduous needleleaf forests; DBF: Deciduous broadleaf forests; MF: Mixed forests; SL: Shrubland; GL: Grassland; WL: Wetland; Crop: Cropland; BSV: Barren or sparsely vegetated"

Figure 2

Comparison of MODIS GPP with flux tower delive- red GPP (A) Yearly time scale; (B) Monthly time scale"

Table 1

Statistical characteristics of annual GPP in the Poyang Lake basin area from 2000 to 2013 (gC·m-2·a-1)"

Year 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 14 annual mean
Minimum 40 77 14 83 83 76 86 66 76 23 84 71 62 83 88
Maximum 2378 2526 2497 2508 2671 2435 2544 2603 2554 2630 2501 2458 2471 2494 2493
Mean 1247 1377 1410 1363 1470 1307 1388 1439 1348 1348 1328 1298 1342 1391 1361

Figure 3

Characteristics of the total amount of GPP in the Poyang Lake basin from 2000 to 2013 (gC·m-2·a-1)"

Figure 4

Spatial distribution of the average of annual GPP in the Poyang Lake basin during 2000-2013"

Figure 5

Comparison of GPP per unit area among different vegetation types in the Poyang Lake basin ENF, EBF, DNF, DBF, MF, SL, GL, WL and BSV see Figure 1."

Figure 6

Spatial distribution of trends of GPP in the Poyang Lake basin from 2000 to 2013 (A) Spatial distribution of trends of GPP; (B) P-value from significance test"

Figure 7

The trends of annual total GPP in the Poyang Lake basin"

Figure 8

The correlation of interannual variability of GPP with temperature and rainfall in the Poyang Lake basin during 2000-2013"

Figure 9

Spatial distribution of partial correlation coefficient of GPP and temperature in the Poyang Lake basin during 2000-2013 (A) Spatial distribution of partial correlation coefficient; (B) P-value from significance test"

Figure 10

Spatial distribution of partial correlation coefficient of GPP and rainfall in the Poyang Lake basin during 2000-2013 (A) Spatial distribution of partial correlation coefficient; (B) P-value from significance test"

Figure 11

The relationship between forest fire area and GPP in the Poyang Lake basin of Jiangxi province"

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