植物学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (6): 841-848.doi: 10.11983/CBB15198

• 专题论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

植物性染色体进化及性别决定基因研究进展

秦力, 陈景丽, 潘长田, 叶蕾, 卢钢*()   

  1. 浙江大学农业与生物技术学院园艺系, 杭州 310058
  • 收稿日期:2015-11-02 接受日期:2016-07-16 出版日期:2016-11-01 发布日期:2016-12-02
  • 通讯作者: 卢钢 E-mail:glu@zju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    # 共同第一作者

  • 基金资助:
    国家“十二五”支撑计划资助项目(No.2011BAD12B04)、公益性行业(农业)科研专项(No.201003074-3)和浙江省重点项目(No.2013C02013-2)

Research Progress in Plant Sex Chromosome Evolution and Sex Determination Genes

Li Qin, Jingli Chen, Changtian Pan, Lei Ye, Gang Lu*   

  1. Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
  • Received:2015-11-02 Accepted:2016-07-16 Online:2016-11-01 Published:2016-12-02
  • Contact: Lu Gang E-mail:glu@zju.edu.cn
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

摘要:

植物性染色体起源于1对常染色体, 其在不同雌雄异株植物中多次起源并独立演变, 是研究性染色体起源和进化机制的理想材料。过去的研究在一定程度上阐明了植物性染色体的起源和演化动力; 且性染色体遗传退化、性别决定基因以及剂量补偿效应正逐渐成为研究的热点。近年来, 关于植物性染色体进化及性别决定基因的研究取得了一些重要进展。该文综述了植物性染色体的起源、进化、遗传退化、剂量补偿效应以及性别决定基因等, 并对植物性染色体进化研究发展趋势进行了展望。

Abstract:

Plant sex chromosomes, which evolved from a pair of autosomes, have multiple origins and evolved independently in different dioecious plants, so they are suitable for studying sex chromosome evolution. Previous studies have explored the origins and evolutionary dynamics of plant sex chromosomes. Genetic degeneration, sex determination genes and dosage compensation on plant sex chromosomes are now becoming research hotspots. In recent years, there has been considerable progress in studying plant sex chromosomes and sex determination genes. Here, we give an overview on the origin, evolution and genetic degeneration and dosage compensation of plant sex chromosomes as well as sex determination genes.

图1

植物性染色体进化的6个时期(Ming et al., 2011)"

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