Chin Bull Bot ›› 2017, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (1): 113-121.doi: 10.11983/CBB16148

Special Issue: Rice Biology

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Major Domestication Traits of Yield in Rice

Yuliang Liu, Shuzhi Zheng*   

  1. Hebei Key Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, College of Life Sciences, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024, China
  • Received:2016-07-10 Accepted:2016-11-16 Online:2017-01-23 Published:2017-01-01
  • Contact: Zheng Shuzhi E-mail:szzheng@hebtu.edu.cn
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

Abstract:

Rice (Oryza sativa), cultivatedin one-third of the world, is one of the most important crops with a long culture history. Cultivated rice is domesticated from wild rice (O. rufipogon). Rice yield is an important domesticated phenotype. Rice yield is controlled by three morphologic features, including tiller characteristics, panicle structure and seed size. These phenotypes were selected from the wild type during domestication and increased yield. In this review, we summarize the molecular mechanism of yield domestication and discuss problems and prospects of rice culture to provide new insights for rice domestication and molecular breeding.

Table 1

Reported genes of domestication traits of yield in rice"

性状 基因/QTL 编码蛋白 表型描述 参考文献
种子
大小
GW5 (qSW5) 编码1个核蛋白, 参与泛素
蛋白酶体途径
种子宽度 Shomura et al., 2008; Weng et al., 2008
GS3 跨膜蛋白 控制颖壳大小 Fan et al., 2009; Takano-Kai et al., 2009
GS6 GRAS结构域蛋白 种子大小 Sun et al., 2013
脱粒性 Sh1 YABBY类转录因子 脱粒 Lin et al., 2012
qSH1 BEL1类同源框基因 脱粒 Konishi et al., 2006
sh4 功能未知的转录因子 离区发育 Zhang et al., 2009
SHAT1 APETALA2转录因子 参与离层发育 Zhou et al., 2012
颖芒 LABA1 细胞分裂素激活酶 芒的伸长和芒刺形成 Hua et al., 2015
An-1 bHLH转录调控因子 籽粒长度、每穗粒数以及
稻芒形成
Luo et al., 2013
An-2 细胞分裂素合成酶 调控芒长及产量 Gu et al., 2015
颖壳
颜色
Rc HLH蛋白基因 颖壳颜色 Sweeney et al., 2006; Konishi et al., 2008
Bh4 氨基酸转运蛋白 颖壳颜色 Zhu et al., 2011
结实率 PTB1 RING-FINGER结构域蛋白 花粉管生长 Li et al., 2013
灌浆 OsSWEET4 己糖转运蛋白 糖类转运和灌浆过程 Huang et al., 2012; Sosso et al., 2015
GIF1 细胞壁转化酶 水稻灌浆和种子大小 Wang et al., 2008
休眠 Sdr4 未知蛋白 种子休眠 Sugimoto et al., 2010
抽穗 Hd1 锌指蛋白 抽穗时期 Yano et al., 2000; Wei et al., 2016
Ehd1 B型反应调节因子 抽穗时期 Doi et al., 2004; Wei et al., 2016
穗性状 OsLG1
DEP1
SBP结构域的转录因子
G蛋白γ亚基
密穗性状
水稻穗密度、枝梗数以及每
穗籽粒数
Ishii et al., 2013; Zhu et al., 2013
Huang et al., 2009
gpa7 未知 二级枝梗数量和每穗粒数 Tian et al., 2006b
株型 PROG1 锌指结构转录因子 调控水稻分蘖角度和数量 Jin et al., 2008; Tan et al., 2008
SD1 赤霉素合成酶 水稻茎秆细胞长度、株高 Asano et al., 2011
TAC1 禾本科特异性蛋白 水稻分蘖角度 Jiang et al., 2012
籽粒
品质
WAXY1 颗粒结合淀粉合成酶 胚乳直链淀粉含量 Hirano et al., 1998; Yamanaka et al., 2004
SsIIa 淀粉合酶 种子淀粉含量 Yu et al., 2011
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