植物学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (2): 174-183.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1259.2013.00174

• 技术方法 • 上一篇    下一篇

在线植物志: 网络时代分类学的方法和实践

王利松*, 杨永, 张宪春   

  1. 中国科学院植物研究所系统与进化植物学国家重点实验室, 北京 100093
  • 收稿日期:2012-05-22 修回日期:2012-10-11 出版日期:2013-03-01 发布日期:2013-04-07
  • 通讯作者: 王利松 E-mail:lswang@ibcas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    伞形科囊瓣芹属的系统学和生物地理学研究

Online Flora: Method and Practice of E-taxonomy

Lisong Wang*, Yong Yang, Xianchun Zhang   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
  • Received:2012-05-22 Revised:2012-10-11 Online:2013-03-01 Published:2013-04-07
  • Contact: Lisong Wang E-mail:lswang@ibcas.ac.cn

摘要: 全球气候变化、环境污染、资源被过度利用、外来物种入侵和生境丧失威胁着地球上物种的生存。分类学研究的主要任务就是在这些物种即将消失之前去发现、记录和认知它们。社会公众、政府决策部门和科学发展本身都对分类学提出了诸多需求。然而, 当前分类学所面临的困境包括认识上的误区、不科学的评价机制、研究队伍的萎缩以及陈旧的知识管理和发布模式等, 这些因素不仅阻碍了分类学的学科发展, 而且也制约了分类学家履行社会责任。利用现代的网络信息技术, 构建一个覆盖分类学研究工作流程、整合已有在线数据资源、满足分类学研究群体、项目和研究机构共同需求的分类学社区网络, 并最终实现分类学的终极目标——在线植物志, 将会极大地改善分类学的知识产出和应用环境, 提升它在当今科学技术发展条件下的竞争力, 使其真正成为一门21世纪的科学。

Abstract: Global change, environmental pollution, over-exploitation, biological invasion, and habitat loss threaten living species of the world. The primary concern of taxonomy is to discover, document, and recognize species before they disappear on the earth. The public, government, and scientific community all have strong knowledge requirements of taxonomy. However, taxonomy is not adequate to fulfill these needs, because of misunderstandings by the scientific community and public, unscientific methods in evaluating scholar contributions by taxonomists, decline in number of professional taxonomists, and outdated ways of knowledge management and publication. In this paper, we consider the implementation of a web-based taxonomy community network, featured by maximum coverage of taxonomic work flow, integration of existing online resources, keeping coordinate among individual researcher, organizations and projects, and finally realize of Online Flora, will partially solve the dilemmas faced by current taxonomic research, improve its environment of knowledge production and reuse, enhance its competition in a changing science and technology landscape, make it becoming a 21 century science.

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